Beware of （提防）those who use the truth to deceive（欺骗）. When someone tells you something that is true, but leaves out important information that should be included, he can create a false impression .
For example, someone might say, "I just won a hundred dollars on the lottery. It was great. I took that dollar ticket back to the store and turned it in for one hundred dollars!”
This guy's a winner, right? Maybe, maybe not. We then discover that he bought two hundred tickets, and only one was a winner. He’ s really a big loser!
He didn’t say anything that was false, but he deliberately omitted important information. That’ s called half-truth, Half-truths are not technically lies, but they are just as dishonest.
Untrustworthy candidates in political campaigns often use this tactic（策略）. Let’s say that during Governor Smith’ s last term, her state lost one million jobs and gained three million jobs. Then she sought another term. One of her opponents ran an advertisement saying, “ During Governor Smith’ s term, the state lost one million jobs!” That’s true. However, an honest statement would have been, “ During Governor Smith’s term, the state had a net gain of two million jobs. ”
Advertisers will sometimes use half-truths. It’s against the law to make false claims so they try to mislead you with the truth. An advertisement might boast, “Nine out of ten doctors recommend Yucky pills to cure nose pimples. ” It fails to mention that they only asked ten doctors and nine of them work for the Yucky Corporation.
This kind of deception happens too often. It's a sad fact of life: Lies are lies, and sometimes the truth can lie as well.
1. In which of the following situations is a person telling a half-truth?
A. When somebody is telling a white lie.
B. When somebody is making up information.
C. When somebody is saying something that is wrong.
D. When somebody is intentionally leaving out important information.
2. It can be inferred from the passage that_____.
A. advertisers always make false claims
B. advertisements can be misleading due to partial information
C. Yucky pills are effective in curing nose pimples
D. the Yucky Corporation has a bad reputation for its drug
3. The underlined word " deception "(Para.7) is closest in meaning to"_____".
A. dishonesty B. suggestion C. situation D. failure
4. The author clearly wants people to_____.
A. think carefully about what they read and hear
B. be firm supporters of a particular candidate in political campaigns
C. never place their trust in lottery winners
D. vote for female candidates in political campaigns
5. An appropriate title for this passage would be_____.
A. It Pays to Be Honest B. Everyone Lies
C. Lying with the Truth D. An Important Tactic in Advertising